Wednesday, March 25, 2015

Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao Initiative

Child Sex Ratio (CSR)
Child Sex Ratio is the number of females per thousand males in the age group of 0 - 6 years (under 7 years). Ratio greater than 1 means, there are more boys than girls in the population. Note that this trend of imbalance, if allowed, will follow in older ages (in future years).

According to the decennial (10 year) census of India, the CSRs in different census are -
  • 1991 census - 945 girls per 1000 boys
  • 2001 census - 927 girls per 1000 boys
  • 2011 census - 918 girls per 1000 boys

Note the drastically declining figure of girl child. This is a major indicator of women dis-empowerment. There may be several practical reasons, but the most important is our patriarchal mindset, which needs to be changed.

Therefore, the need of the hour is to educate people and start campaigns to save the girl child. We should remember, 'The Happiness of a Nation lies in the Dignity of its Daughters'.

PM's message - "Bete ki aash mein beti ki bali maat chadhaiye"



Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Initiative
To ensure the survival, protection and empowerment of the girl child, government has launched a commendable initiative - 'Beti Bachao Beti Padhao'. This is a joint initiative of 3 ministries of government of India -
  • Ministry of Women and Child Development
  • Ministry of Health and Family Welfare
  • Ministry of Human Resource Development
This initiative will be implemented through a national campaign and focused multi-sectoral action in 100 selected districts, that are low in CSR.



Objectives
  • Prevention of gender-biased sex selective elimination - enforcement of laws, especially the implementation of Pre-Conception & Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (Prohibition of Sex Selection) Act, 1994 (PC&PNDT Act) with stringent punishments for violations.
  • Ensuring survival and protection of the girl child - the access to various entitlements, changes in patriarchal mind-set, etc. are to be addressed in order to ensure equal value, care for and survival of the infant and young girl child.
  • Ensuring education and participation of the girl child - access and availability of services and entitlements during the various phases of the life cycle of the girl child - related to nutrition, health care, education, etc.


Outlays
  • Budgetary allocation - Rs. 100 crore
  • Fund will be mobilized from 'Care and Protection of Girl Child - A Multi Sectoral Action Plan' - Rs. 100 crore
  • Corporate Social Responsibility - for additional resources


Sukanya Samriddhi Account
Sukanya Samriddhi account can be opened in the name of girl child, before she attains 10 years age. Some important points about this special account scheme -
  • Minimum deposit - Rs. 1,000
  • Maximum deposit in a year - Rs. 1.5 lakh
  • Interest rate - 9.1 % per year for the savings accounts
  • Full income tax exemption (no tax)
  • Partial withdrawal, maximum up to 50 % balance can be withdrawn by the girl child after attaining 18 years
  • Account will remain operative till the girl attains - 21 years
  • A legal guardian / natural guardian can open account in the name of girl child
  • A guardian can open only one account in the name of one girl child and max. 2 accounts in the name of two different girl children
  • Account can be opened up to age of 10 years from date of birth (initially 1 year grace period has been given)



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